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The Lesser Vehicle, the Greater Vehicle and the Worshippers of the Many Gods: (The Background of the Aurangabad Cave Sculptures)

Title:The Lesser Vehicle, the Greater Vehicle and the Worshippers of the Many Gods: (The Background of the Aurangabad Cave Sculptures)
Author:Anand, Mulk Raj
Publication:Marg
Enumeration:Vol. 16 Issue no. 3; June 1963, p. 15-33
Abstract:The article reviews the essentials of the Buddhist faith as it evolved till the 7th century, and looks at the conceptual and aesthetic problems raised by the Aurangabad sculptures: was this an annexe of Ajanta and Ellora? The aspects of Buddhism discussed are the concept of nirvana; the symbolic representation of the 4 main events of Buddha's life; the sanctification of the places associated with the legends of the Buddha; the codes of conduct for monks and the laity; Buddhist canonical literature; the fundamental conflict between Brahmanism and Buddhism (particularly in the time of Harsha of Kanauj); and the schism between the Mahayana and Hinayana schools of Buddhism. The sculptures in the caves of Aurangabad are discussed in depth and include those of the Buddha in different poses, Bodhisattvas, Tara, male and female dvarapalas, devotees, Jataka stories, Nagas and Naginis, Jambhala, and Hindu sculptures. The appearance of the Hindu sculptures in Caves X-XII signals the end of the Buddhist age.

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