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Historical Survey: The Evidence of Dance Sculptures from Orissan Temples

Title:Historical Survey: The Evidence of Dance Sculptures from Orissan Temples
Author:Misra, P.
Enumeration:Vol. 13 Issue no. 2; March 1960, p. 8-15
Abstract:The dance poses in the rock-cut cave temples of Khandagiri and Udaigiri (towards the close of pre-Christian era) are purely imaginative and do not follow any known dance style. The roots of Odissi may perhaps be traced to the dance sculptures at Lalitagiri, Udayagiri, and Ratnagiri in the Assia range of hills. These shrines were the outcome of the rise of Vajrayana Buddhism (circa 8th century). The many Hindu temples built from the close of the 6th century onwards, principally at Bhubaneswar, carry carved dance poses of dancing girls, nayikas, and deities. The most predominant themes were Nataraja and the Tandava dance of Shiva. The Konarak temple (13th century) has, among other dance panels, carvings of life-size dancing girls. A large number of these poses have their basis in the Shastras.

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