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Gupta Sculpture at Mathura, Circa 300 to 650 A.D.

Title:Gupta Sculpture at Mathura, Circa 300 to 650 A.D.
Author:Srivastava, V.N.
Publication:Marg
Enumeration:Vol. 15 Issue no. 2; March 1962, p. 49-58
Abstract:Gupta art is a direct legacy of the Mathura school of the Kushana period. However, while Kushana art was addicted to the mundane world, the Gupta craftsmen worked for a higher ideal, and attempted to establish a closer harmony between art and thought. The earliest Mathura sculpture with the Gupta classical ideal is the Buddha from Bodhgaya (4th century). The art reached its zenith in the 5th century, as exemplified in the standing Buddha image dedicated by Yasadinna in the Archaeological Museum, Mathura. During the Gupta period, all other art -- Jaina or Brahmanical -- depended on the Buddhist prototype for the stylistic features. Mathura art was predominantly religious in character -- Buddhist, Jaina, and Hindu -- however, secular themes, such as ornamental designs, also found place in Gupta art at Mathura.

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