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Tour of Orissa

Title:Tour of Orissa
Author:Klaus, Fischer
Enumeration:Vol. 8 Issue no. 4; September 1955, p. 23-31
Abstract:The writer's excursions through Orissa brought him in contact with the architecture, sculpture, and painting of the classical and later periods. "Jaleswar" or "Magadeo" near Chilka Lake was a medieval Siva temple of about 1200 CE. At the post-medieval Jagannath temples of Baripada, Jajpur, Keonjargarh, Parlakimedi, and Ranpur, the artists followed the model of the Bhubaneswar and Puri temples, but sometimes added personal ideas. The author studies the decorative features of Orissan architecture and how it influenced and was influenced by trends in other Indian regions. Thus, the sikhara was adopted in adjacent regions of Bengal (Midnapore district), and classic Orissan architecture is evident in the deuls in Bengal-Bihar border and south of Orissa. Later Orissan builders, like those of other areas, were influenced by Muslim architecture (true vaulting, brick arches of Haripur, decorative shape of the bent caves of the Bengal roof). Orissan sculpture and painting saw the development of new artistic forms, such as the miniature sculptures on mandapa pillars and evolution of erotic subjects at Jagannath and other temples from the 15th century onwards. Traces of classical Orissan sculpture are found in adjacent areas, and forms of later Orissan erotic art in paintings and sculptures of Andhra Jagannath and other temples. Vernacular idioms occur in later manuscript illustrations, as in the illustrations to a Ramayana manuscript "Baidahisa". Contemporary popular dwellings include adoption of bamboo form in mud by the aboriginal tribes of Kolhas in Sitabhinji village; "translation" of domestic architecture for religious buildings; and the Sundarpur colony of the East Bengal refugees near Chilka Lake.

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