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FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMME - ITS COST EFFECTIVENESS AND IMPACT ON SCHOOL EDUCATION IN INDIA

Title:FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMME - ITS COST EFFECTIVENESS AND IMPACT ON SCHOOL EDUCATION IN INDIA
Author:Vig O. P.
Publication:Sankhya: The Indian Journal of Statistics
Enumeration:Volume 39, Series C, Pt. 2, pp. 89--98, 1977
Abstract:During the past several decades, the population of India has remained quasi-stable, with unchanging fertility and declining mortality; the result has been unprecedented growth of the general as well as the school-age population. The Government of India is implementing the family planning programme to reduce the birth rate to 25 by 1983-84. The decline in the birth rate will affect the size and age distribution of the general population and the growth of the schoo-age population. This is expected to avert 44-52 million school enrolments, resulting in savings in expenditure on education to the extent of Rs.5040-5733 million annually during 1976-91. The school life table has been shown that on an average a pupil at Standard I stays for 6.29 years in school instead of 12 years, while the wastage due to mortality is about 0.20 year. The wastage, due to causes other than mortality, is then about 5.50 years. The wastage is highest at Standard I, but decreases with the increasing level of education. Some measures are in the offing to reduce the stagnation and drop-outs in the school education. This will increase average stay of a pupil at the school and the result will be higher savings due to the family planning programme. The study, even though restricted to school education, has revealed that the economic effectiveness of the family planning programme is many times the investment on it. The impact of the family planning programme when measured in totality, while considering other sectors of social services, will reveal that every rupee invested on the family planning programme yields considerable return to the nation. It also contributes towards reasonable reduction in the demand for investment for civic and community facilities by way of tailoring the total numbers to be catered, and will have salutary effect on halting the unequal race between a fast growing population and the limping standard of civic amenitiesO. P. VIG

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