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Shiva-Parvati Sculptures of Badami 

by K.L.Kamat

Written: September 01, 1999
Page Last Updated: January 23,2010

Romance of the gods and goddesses has the the subject of many erotic arts and literature in India. Poet Kalidasa graphically describes the erotic acts of Lord Shiva and Parvati in "Kumarasambhava". Similarly, poet Jayadeva deals with eroticism between Krishna and Radha in "Gita-Govinda".  In the southern region of Vindhya mountains love lore of Krishna is not in vogue, and we see that the southern poets have confined themselves to erotic acts of Shiva-Parvati. Battleswara in his works "Bhikshatana Charitra" has glorified their love acts. Lakanna Dandesha in his writings, "Shivatatva Chitamani" gives a vivid description of the couple's sexual acts. As they were not pleased with erotic acts of human beings, and hence they mated like fishes, crocodiles, birds like peacock, owl, parrot, vulture, swan, heron; mammals like mouse, wolf, camel, monkey, cat, elephant, lion, and elephants. However, the poet has presumed that the readers are well versed with their mating acts and has refrained from giving a detailed description.

Badami is a small sleepy town in Bijapur district of Karnataka. In ancient times it was known as "Vatapi" and was the capital of Chalukya dynasty. They got excavated five cave temples in the sixth century. Third cave is dedicated to Lord Shiva and was excavated in 578 A.D. The capitals of the pillars that support outer hall have bracket sculptures of Shiva and Parvati in different erotic (mithuna) positions. On the basis of the literature available, the sculptors have produced master art work which vibrate with sensitiveness, warmth and emotions. Their creative urges blooms from the tradition and had religious sanctions. However, they restricted themselves in depicting gods and goddesses in graceful and amorous forms only. They never adventures to depicting them in the act of copulation or in perverted postures.

The sculptors have depicted the human body forms of Shiva-Parvathi in most fascinating angle; profiles, three quarter profiles, side and back views. Parvathi's feminine grace is best expressed when she is engaged in the erotic acts with Shiva. For sheer beauty of form, delicacy of workmanship, perfection of finish they are superb. They have skillfully manipulated the space and matter so as to depict the couple as lovely figures. Uma is depicted as having rounded legs, attractive thighs, thin waist, fully developed and rounded breasts, and shapely arms.

The sentiments (rasa) expressed by amorous couple is the soul of sculpture. The artist builds up various rasas to create seeet experience on onlookers. Out of nine rasas most commonly used are laughter (hasya), pity (karuna), calm (shanta), wonder (adbhuta), amorous (sringara). The factors that inflames mithuna are: moonlight, cool breeze, perfumed flowers, arrival of spring, and animals in coition. The presence of lover in close vicinity, perspiration and glances are the other factors which induce the couple in erotic activities.

Shiva-Parvati are shown in different moods. Their togetherness indicate keen interest in sambhoga (copulation). The proximity of the beloved one; exchange of smiles; pleasant conversation; expressing great feelings of the heart; bodily suggesting each other desires; the arms, legs resting on the different parts of the partner, are all indicative of they are deeply interested in erotic activities. 

The sculptors have not refrained in depicting all activities that lead to orgasm in the panels meant for the mortals. Men and women indulging in drinking bouts, couples sharing liquor are depicted. An intoxicated couple relaxing on cot indulge into physical stimulation. This leads to sexual desires in both of them. The sculptor has taken the liberty of depicting their act of copulation. There are number of other panels which exhibit a variety of erotic activities.


Contents from Erotic Arts of India CD-ROM
© K.L.Kamat All Rights Reserved


Erotic Art of India


Erotic Arts of India
A Beauty Prepares for her Lovers ArrivalMithuna -- Eternal loversSculpture from BallegaviRomantic CoupleNot Tonight Dear -- Couple in ConversationThe Swastika PositionErotica from Temple PanelLajja Gowri: Deity of FertilityA Stone Sculpture of Lajja GowriIndian Group Sex
Erotica from Nandi Temple, KhajurahoErotica from Nandi Temple, KhajurahoLajja Gowri Sculpture, AlampuramMan Disturbs Wife  Busy at WorkFresco Painting at SibiThe Man Makes a MoveRomance of Shiva and UmaLajja Gowri as the Deity of FertilityBlack and White UnionA Royal Couple in Romance
Rajasthani Couple Unite in a BalconyOne Man, Many WomenRomancing CoupleErotic PaintingIntoxication and SexErotic PaintingBlack and White ConjugationErotica from a Temple PanelAmorous Couple, AiholeTwo Panels Depicting Erotic Paintings
Some of the Erotic Arts are  in a dilapidated state and need enhancements to study themAn Ascetic Inviting a WomanWoman having a Sexual Contact with her DogVillagers Choice Sexual PositionRemoval of Clothes is OptionalThe Flying Bird PositionWoman Relaxing her Man in BedCouple Engaged in ForeplayWomen in EmbraceIndian Fetish
Erotic Engravings on the Partkal Temple Chariot, GoaTwo Men Coaxing a Woman to Cooperate in Sexual  ActsA Welcome to BedLady Calming-down an Erect ManShiva Arising from a LingaMale Organ as a Symbol of Lord ShivaPhallus as a Symbol of Lord ShivaHalf Man, Half WomanArdha-NarishwaraSmall Talk as Foreplay
The Leg-locked CoupleMan in Heat -- Sculpture from Medieval IndiaGroup Sex 1228 A.D.Group Sex Depicted in a ReliefA Couple in CoitusPreparing for ConjugationWoman Performing FellatioA Woman Lets a Monkey Taste her Body FluidsLady On Top PositionInterwoven Limbs
How to Fit Four on a Single BedHomosexual Men Making MerryThe Seduction of ShivaRomance of Uma and ShivaMan Fondles WifeWoman on Top PositionCopulating Couple -- Wooden SculptureAmorous CoupleMan with Two Lovers, Sibi PaintingErotic Art from Sibi Temple
King and his Queen Performing a Ritual for ProgenyAncient BestialityWoman with Mirror Consults her ManTantric FellatioKissing CoupleFull Body Excitement of Tantric SexGenius Art EroticaAcrobatic Sex PositionAncient Homosexuality?Oral Sex for One
Hidden SexAcrobatic Erotica!Mithuna CoupleVigorous Love Making

Love Temples of Khajuraho
Kamasutra Positions
Use of Nails
Erotica in Literature
Female Power Worship
Worship of Phallus
Worship of Women
Genitalia as Art
Bestiality in Art
More Pictures!
Artist Lets his Imagination Go WildDrinking Couple -- Sculpture from a Stupa in SanchiA Romantic CoupleMan punishes wifes paramourMan disturbs wife while she puts on make up<br>Ancient temple sculptureDepiction of BestialityErotica from a Chariot CarvingSelf help is the best help?Worship of Linga
Sculpture of Lajja GowriGirl preparing to meet boyfriendLovers, sculpture from a Khajuraho templeGenitalia WorshipDivine RecreationFriends Engaged in Sexual ActivitiesWorkplace Harassment ?!Two playful ladies bathing togetherMaking love on a comfortable bed, pillow and bed-spread
Man Fondles Two Women on a Swing<br>Mysore Traditional PaintingA man and two women are in the game of love.Not Tonight DearEnjoying each other companyPlayboy Krishna Makes Out in the BushWoman Worshipping an Erect LingaIn Explicit Detail…The Ishwara LingamWoman putting on makeup excites a man
A Warrior Spends Time With MistressNeeds of the body differ from that of the mind!<br>Two aroused Sadhus accosting a courtesanBirth of a Child <br> The Natural Culmination of Sexual ActivitySpanking in Medieval India (?) Divine recreation: Krishna with two Gopikas (female cowherds)Who Said Bigger is Better?!The Phallus: Facts and FallaciesI read and I forgot… I saw and I understoodAmorous Couple, Wooden Sculpture
A Beast Mounts a WomanSculpted Chandela Temples  Depicting EroticaThe Double DeckerCarvings on wooden car (chariot) in PattadakalMan and Woman in Beauty of UnionCouple Entangled in a Love KnotThe Mark of a Man!One Woman Takes on Two MenPlayful Girl Friends
Medieval Sculpture Depicting Group Sex Erotic Paintngs of IndiaDepilated LoversPractice Yoga and Excel at SexIslamic Kamasutra (?)Couple at ForeplayMonkey KamasutraThe Comfort UnionCouple on their First Night
Let Praise be Given to God that He has created WomanWoman Hanging on to her LoverLove, like liquor, intoxicates!Man uses his Phallus to beat the drum! Old Fashioned SexThe Mutually Reciprocal PositionSex in the Kitchen!The Love Knot A Group Sex Scene Depicted in Ancient Sculpture
Couple Engaged in a Game of LoveIllustration Based on Kokashastra of KalyanamallaMithuna LoversMankinds First Erotic Art?

Kamat's Potpourri Research Database Shiva-Parvati Sculptures of Badami 

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