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Kamat's Potpourri 19th Century India .

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19th Century India

The study of 19th century India (years 1801- 1900) provides a glimpse of  India in its earlier centuries, while many records of the period are available due to the western influences.

The early years were chaotic with numerous kingdoms forming and falling successively. The most important events that occurred are the establishment of British in India, the First Indian War of Independence, the end of Mughal empire, and early signs of Indian renaissance that led to India's freedom and drastic social reforms.

19th century India was very backward with the caste system taking ugly forms. Untouchability and Sati system were still in practice, and the illiteracy was very high. Education was denied to women, and veil (purdah) system was in vogue.

Some of the important Indians who lived in 19th century are: Dayanand Saraswati, Bahadur Shah IIRaja Ravi Varma, and Raja Ram Mohan Roy.

Depiction of social life in India during the 19th century via period illustrations and photographs.



A Corner in Delhi
A 19th century photograph showing a street in Delhi
19th Century India
19th Century India
An Ekka, or One-horsed Road Cart

A Hindu Barber and his Hindu Customer
19th Century India
Bangalore Street
A Street in Bangalore, 19th Century

Advancing Military Regiment
Detail from a 19th century painting
Indian Army and Supplies
Indian Professionals
Barber and a Client
Also notice another man sharpening in the background.
Illustration by a British artist, Eastern India, 19th Century.

Couple Weaving Baskets
Illustration by a British artist, Eastern India, 19th Century.
Indian Professionals
19th Century Scholars
Group of Famous Brahmin Pundits, circa 1900

Horse-shoe Maker
Illustration by a British artist, Eastern India shows a man with a whip getting bullock or horse shoes made by a blacksmith.
Indian Professionals
19th Century India
"Kim," the Chela and the Old Lama

Padre Being Carried
19th century Sedan, Goa
Doli Palanquin
Antique Funtiture of India
Reclining Woman on a Luxurious Sofa
Detail from a Tiruppavai illustration, 19th century

Scenes of Bombay
Top: Bullock buggy; Below: A kite shop of Bombay
19th Century India
Potter at Work - 19th Century
South Indian Potter
Illustration by a visiting English artist

Street Corner, Jeypore
Photograph shows city of Jaipur
19th Century India

See Also:

  • Potpourri of Pictures -- A pictorial portal to the picturesque land of India. Includes photographs of elements, portraits, women, paintings, and a Photo Blog
  • The Princely States
  • Mysore Portraitures -- Portraits of leading citizens of Mysore kingdom commissioned by the ruler in the 19th century, provide lots of clues into period fashions, governance, and administrative posts.

 

Kamat Reference Database

Kamat's Potpourri Research Database 19th Century India

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