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Early Stone and Terracotta Sculpture

Title:Early Stone and Terracotta Sculpture
Author:Siudmak, John
Publication:Marg
Enumeration:Vol. 40 Issue no. 2; March 1987, p. 41-56
Abstract:Most of the surviving stone sculptures from Kashmir date from the Karkota period when the style reached its maturity or from later. What may be regarded as the classical phase dates from the first half of the 8th century and flourished during the reign of Lalitaditya-Muktapida (circa second quarter of the 8th century). Although there is some evidence of direct Gupta influence, the predominant influence on the Kashmiri style was from the northwest, either from Gandhara or from the post-Gandhara tradition which survived in the region. The remains from this period can be classified into 2 groups: sculptures in the round and architectural relief work. There also existed a great tradition of miniature work. Most of the stone sculptures discussed in this article are from the Sri Pratap Singh Museum, Srinagar. The earliest terracotta finds from Kashmir are from Semthan, ancient Chakradhara, near Bejbehara. Two groups of Buddhist sculptures from Kashmir or within the area of Kashmiri influence, are the schools of Akhnur and Ushkur. They have been variously dated between the 5th and the 8th centuries and the Akhnur school is usually thought to be the earlier one. They clearly develop from the late Gandhara tradition of stucco sculpture.

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