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Bhitargaon: The Technique of Architecture

Title:Bhitargaon: The Technique of Architecture
Author:Nath, R.
Enumeration:Vol. 22 Issue no. 2; March 1969, p. 24-35
Abstract:Between the Rigvedic and Mauryan periods, brick was the chief medium of construction, and the best examples of brick construction belong to the Gupta and post-Gupta times. The Bhitargaon temple (5th century) is the most important in this series of brick temples. It represents the earliest use of the double dome. Its roof was characterized by radiating arches using the arcuate method. With effective use of the kirttimukha motif, carved or moulded bricks with geometrical, floral, and conventional designs, figurative terracotta panels showing mythological scenes, human and animal representations, and other curious scenes, the architecture of the Bhitargaon temple marks an important stage in the evolution of brick art and architecture.

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