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From Raga to Fusion: Hindustani Music

Title:From Raga to Fusion: Hindustani Music
Author:Bagchee, Sandeep
Publication:Marg
Enumeration:Vol. 52 Issue no. 2; December 2000, p. 10-23
Abstract:In the early 20th century the performance and appreciation of classical or art music was confined to temples and private patrons such as princes and zamindars. With the economic, social, and political change brought about by British rule this patronage declined, and growing nationalist sentiment brought people's patronage, and after Independence State patronage, to art music. In the 20th century new technology gramophone, radio, cinema, television increased popular access to music performances and today corporate sponsorship supports many concerts. The system of musical training too has been transformed in the 20th century, with institutions and schools of music being set up and a gradual decline in the traditional one-to-one transmission of musical knowledge from guru to shishya. The writer also discusses how popular taste has led to the dominance of certain instruments or styles, and particular ragas. As far as future trends can be predicted, in the writer's opinion lighter music will continue to enjoy greater popularity and fusion forms not strictly tied to raga grammar will arise. What can be stated with certainty is that Indian art music, which has evolved over a long period of time, will continue to exist.

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