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Research Abstracts on Outsourcing to India

Page Last Updated: October 31, 2016

Here's a collection abstracts of research papers on outsourcing manufacturing and services  to India.

Title:Offshore Outsourcing of Information Technology Enabled Supply Chain Functions: A Transaction Cost Analysis
Authors:Bouchaib Bahli and Suresh Kumar Goyal
Publication:International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management / Inderscience Enterprises Ltd
Enumeration:Vol. 1, No. 4 pp. 366 - 381, Year 2005
Abstract:A shortage of domestic skilled information technology professionals and the availability of talent at a fraction of cost in countries like India and China, more and more companies are going global when it comes to outsourcing IT-enabled supply chain activities. Making a decision about whether or not to move these activities offshore is a decision of far-reaching consequences. In this paper, we address this issue from a transaction economic perspective. Transaction costs theory is used as a framework of analysis to examine offshore sourcing decisions. The paper discusses some of the practical and research implications of these results.

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Title:What Will It Take For China To Become A Competitive Force In Offshore Outsourcing? An Analysis Of The Role Of Transaction Costs In Supplier Selection
Authors:Zhonghua Qu and Michael Brocklehurst
Publication:Journal of Information Technology / Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group
Enumeration:Vol. 18, No. 1 pp. 53 - 67 , March 2003
Abstract:Using transaction costs theory this paper argues that transaction costs are almost as significant as production costs when it comes to offshore outsourcing and, moreover, that it is in the field of transaction costs where China has been unable to compete with India in the supply of information technology outsourcing. The paper outlines a framework for analysing transaction costs and uses the framework for pinpointing where China is unable to compete. The paper concludes with a review of the policy implications for the Chinese Government.

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Title:Building Sustainable Organisations Through Restructuring: The Role Of Organisational Character In France And India
Author:Ashok Som
Publication:International Journal Of Human Resources Development And Management / Inderscience Enterprises Ltd
Enumeration:Vol. 3, No. 1 pp. 2 - 16 , 2003
Abstract:In today's era of hyper competition and change, one of the crucial challenges facing organisations is to build sustainable competitive organisations. A changing environment necessitates a change in strategic initiatives. The changes in strategic initiatives such mergers and acquisitions, new product and market strategy, joint ventures, strategic alliances, diversification and outsourcing, call for organisational restructuring and the emplacement of an integrative mechanism that cements these changes. Few empirical studies have been done to date regarding the role of organisational character during an organisational restructuring process. Organisational character, which is embedded in the vision, mission, goals, values and leadership, can be explained in terms of history, culture, collective memory, knowledge, politics, habits, emotions and policies of the organisation. An extensive in-depth study of four large, complex manufacturing organisations and market leaders in France and India support our belief that the role of organisational character defined by human resource policies and the linkage between the vision, mission, goals, values and leadership of the organisation are the key success factors during an organisational restructuring process. Based on both specific policies and the actual practices, as perceived by the top management (those who formulate those policies) and middle management (those that implement them), the article presents a contingency framework, which offers valuable insights into the role of organisational character during a restructuring process.

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Title:Downsizing Through Technology Management And Outsourcing: A Case Study Of A Captive Coal-Mining Organisation In India Under Globalisation
Authors:Bholanath Sarkar and Kalyan Kumar Guin
Publication:International Journal of Global Energy Issues / Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.
Enumeration:Vol. 19, No. 4 pp. 387 - 415 , Year 2003
Abstract:The organisation under discussion is a part of a Steel Company and consists of a group of captive underground coal mines required to produce coking coal, wash it in the coal washeries (benefitiation plants) and send the good quality clean coal to the steel plant for steel-making. The emergence of liberalisation in India has affected Indian industries and compelled them to think of ways to become more competitive. The very existence of this coking coal-mining division is at stake due to the availability of better quality imported coal at a cheaper price. Also, the demand for metallurgical-grade coking coal has reduced due to an improvement in coke-making technology, which does not require very high quality metallurgical-grade coking coal. In order to become competitive, the organisation has adopted the strategy of downsizing by technological upgradation and outsourcing the non-core activities. This paper uses System Dynamics Simulation methodology as a tool for structuring as well as evaluating the different alternative policies and scenarios for the future.

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Title:Software Outsourcing and Development Policy Implications: An Indian Perspective
Author:Anthony P. D'costa
Publication:International Journal of Technology Management / Inderscience Enterprises Ltd
Enumeration:Vol. 24, No.s 7-8 pp. 705 - 723, 2002
Abstract:The discussion on high technology has been concerned with advanced capitalist economies. Developing countries have been unable to alter radically their industrial structure due to numerous internal institutional and external technological barriers. Consequently, they have sought global participation through outsourcing activities. This is indeed a welcome break from previous orthodox "self-reliant" approaches. However, excessive dependence on outsourcing limits the synergy between vibrant domestic and foreign markets. Using the Indian experience, this paper argues that international outsourcing of software, while commercially lucrative, is discouraging firms from taking on more complex projects at home. It highlights the shortcomings of outsourcing from India and suggests that software development must be rooted in a high technology policy that is integrated with the broader strategy of development. The study illustrates not only the relative success of a developing country but also underscores the persistent unequalising structural mechanisms that developing countries must contend with to foster local development.

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Title:Outsourcing in India
Authors:Werner Kobitzsch, Dieter Rombach, and Raimund L. Feldmann
Publication:IEEE Software / IEEE Computer Society Press
Enumeration:Vol. 18 , No. 2 pp. 78 - 86, March 2001
Abstract:Drawn by a multitude of programmers and a favorable business environment, companies are increasingly looking to out-source their software development to India. After examining various possible out-sourcing modes, this article reports on a German telephone company's experience setting up a satellite operation in India.

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Title:Some political and cultural issues in the globalisation of software development: case experience from Britain and India.
Authors:Brian Nicholson and Sundeep Sahay
Publication:Information and Organization / Elsevier Science
Enumeration:Vol. 11, pp. 25Ė43, Year 2001
Abstract:Global outsourcing of software development is a phenomenon that is receiving considerable interest from North American and European companies currently under pressure to meet their growing manpower resource shortages and find new ways to cut costs. However, these outsourcing arrangements are technologically and organisationally complex, and present a variety of challenges to manage effectively. In this paper we discuss results from an ongoing longitudinal study of a British firmís attempts to develop and manage global software outsourcing arrangements with an Indian software company. More specifically, we focus on understanding management challenges along three key dimensions of culture, organisational politics and the process of distributed development across time and space. The process of globalisation provides the context within which these management challenges can be investigated. (c) Elsevier Science Ltd. 2001

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Title:The Indian Software Industry: Moving Towards Maturity
Author:S. C. Bhatnagar, Shirin Madon
Publication:Journal Of Information Technology / Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group
Enumeration:Vol. 12, No. 4 pp. 277 - 288 , December 1, 1997
Abstract:Over the last decade, India has made a conscious effort to participate in the global software industry by providing software development services to client companies in the West. We see the Indian software industry as sustaining its competitive advantage and having reasonable growth prospects. In some ways this is a counter-point from many of the earlier predictions in the literature that suggested that the growth of the software industry in India was a temporary phenomenon which exploited an existing opportunity of shortage of software engineers in Western countries and benefited from the consequent moves towards outsourcing.

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Title:International Outsourcing in the Information Technology Industry: Trends and Implications
Authors:Galen B. Crow and Balakrishnan Muthuswamy
Publication:Communications of the International Information Management Association / IIMA
Enumeration:Vol. 3, No. 1
Abstract:This paper reviews trends in the use of international outsourcing in the Information Technology (IT) industry and explores implications for the U.S. workforce. Workforce employment projections and the trend for globalization in the IT industry are analyzed. An analogy is developed between current trends in IT workforce and the globalization of the auto industry during the latter part of the 20th century. The conclusion is that recent dips in U.S. IT employment may represent more than a transitory reflection of current economic conditions. International IT providers may be capturing a permanent share of U.S. IT expenditures and thus reducing the long term need for U.S. IT employment. IT industry and educational institutions need to plan accordingly for these new global workforce realities.

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