Education in Karnataka through the ages
by Jyotsna Kamat
List of Illustrations
View by: Order of Appearance | Alphabetical
cell and a bunk in a Buddhist cave.
- A three-storied Buddhist school in Ellora. It included an assembly hall and
prayer rooms. It is believed that the assembly was held around a statue of
Buddha. Inside the building, stone desks and benches can be found, which
confirm that it was an educational institution.
Buddhist students on way to fetch water
styles -- today calligraphy is still taught on a slate, which is an inch
wide and an arm long. The pen is made with bamboo and black ink is used.
and teacher- a teacher corrects the
handwriting and calligraphic style of a student in a Buddhist school
teacher and disciples-- Jaina students devotedly listen to an ascetic
teacher under the shade of a tree
preacher and his tools: a Jaina teacher with his textbook, and a kamandalu
is a tool to mokshā" - A Jaina preacher explains the
doctrine to lay people
- A guru
and his female students
decorated steel pen (kanta):this
was used to write on palm leaves
of the kanta - the palm-leaf pen
of palm-leaf scriptures
page of a palm-leaf text
pages of palm-leaf texts were decorated
horse rider in a hurry
designs on a palm-leaf
depiction of Lord Ganesh on a palm-leaf
artistically rendered hamsa
box for storing scriptures
decorated box for preserving of palm-leaf books
warning against destroying legislation!
page of a paper book. Paper arrived in India around the 13th century, but
the art and science of palm-leaf texts has continued till today
on the cover of a palm-leaf book - medieval palm-leaf books were nicely
bound, with elaborately decorated cover pages. The title was written in big
letters so that readers could locate them easily.
chapter separator of an ancient text - this Jaina text has designs made just
with lines and small curves.
time-keeping volunteer at the ghatikā
prince who stooped to play a game of marbles!
medieval version of a yo-yo
education of the future king
– the reciting of scriptures was a required skill among the learned
classes in medeival India.
Muslim prince at study
gadā or mace
- Training in fighting with two swords
- Horse Mounted Javelin Thrower
expert in archery
- A flag-post on a palm-leaf
on a pillar inscription
lamination of books
drawings on medieval books
animals: obviously by students of an art school
training for the princess
scholar's wife -- a woman helping her scholar husband with texts. It is
uncommon to find illustrations of women engaged in higher study in ancient
uninterested wife reads books with husband! –the illustration depicts a
woman having a difficult time in understanding a book. Her husband may have
coerced her into taking up this study.
of Kolar: an accomplished woman scholar. This astonishing sculpture depicts
a tenth century woman scholar from Karnataka.
with the teacher: The king wanted his daughter Champavati to be educated by
scholar Bilhana, but thought it was not appropriate to leave the two
youngsters be alone. The princess was told to keep her eyes closed, lest she
should contact a horrible disease from the teacher. The teacher was then
told that his student was blind! The painting illustrates Champavati opening
her eyes out of curiosity and instantly falling in love with the teacher.
raising of the princess - a princess submits homework and the teacher
critically examines it.
girl engaged in self-study: self-study
was given great importance in ancient Indian education. However, great
accomplishments through self-study are rare to find, possibly due to the
importance of the student-teacher relationship in Indian culture
- A shilābālikā engaged
boy practices writing
woman scribe from the Hoysala period
education of women
- Puzzled Wrestlers
- Wrestling Training
- A Wrestling Contest
engaged in stick aerobics
Brahmin recites from a text
elder recites from the scriptures
to the words of wisdom
elder engaged in study
reading palm-leaf text
the son to a makthāb (school)
the scholar of Koran
the Maulvi accepts a student
student holding a book
the Maulvi is out!
- Punishment of a Pupil
Mahal library after Aurangjeb conquered Bijapur. Asri Mahal hitherto served as a great archive of Arabian and Persian
literature, and was looted/destroyed. It is hard to describe the impact this
library-destruction had on Indian history
in Karnataka through the ages
Preface | Buddhist Education | Jaina Education |
Palm-leaf Texts |
Ghatikasthana | Education of Royalty |
Community Education | Vocational Training |
Education of Women | Physical Education | Among Muslims |