20th Century India
First Online: November 11, 2007
Page Last Updated: June 13, 2013
The twentieth century (years 1901 to 2000) completely
transformed India -- just as it transformed rest of the world -- from a
primitive, chaotic system of numerous kingdoms to a robust and free standing
nation. This section explores the political movements and society in India
during the 20th century -- starting from the Indian Renaissance to emergence
of Modern India as a Global Power.
India During the 20th Century
Topics on 20th Century India (years 1901 A.D. to Year 2000) at
Important Events in India During the 20th Century
- 1905 - The Partition of Bengal
- 1919-1924 -- The Khilafat Movement
- 1928- 1931 -- The Simon Commission and the Civil Disobedience
- 1942 -- Gandhi launches the Quit India Movement
- 1947 -- India gains independence from the British, integrates the
Princely States and becomes a Democratic Republic.
- 1964 -- Disappointed by the failures of his Panchasheel
policies, and having conceded defeat to the Chinese, Jawaharlal Nehru
- 1966 -- Prime-minister Lal Bahadur Shastri dies at Indo-Pak
summit at Tashkent shortly after the peace treaty is signed, causing a
- 1971 -- Third Indo-Pakistani War which culminates in the creation of Bangladesh.
- 1972 -- The Simla Agreement is signed between India Gandhi
and Z.A. Bhutto
- 1983 --
India wins the Cricket World Cup
(Prudential Cup), much to
the joy of the citizens. Cricket Craze engulfs Indian subcontinent.
- 1984 -- Operation Bluestar, subsequent assassination of Indira
Gandhi, and violence against the Sikhs.
- 1991 -- Rajiv Gandhi is assassinated by woman suicide bomber
connected with Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).
- 1992 -- A large mob of Hindus bring down Babri
Masjid in a pandemonium that lasted several days, thus deeply damaging
Hindu-Muslim community relationships.
- 1993 -- A series of bomb blasts, said to be connected with the
Muslim underworld rock Mumbai -- possibly in revenge for destruction of
the Babri Mosque.
- 1994 -- Pneumonic
Plague breaks out in western India causing panic and chaos.
- 1995 -- The notorious Y2K software fix creates boom for India's
programmers and engineers (see: Outsourcing)