|Town of Karkala||.|
by Vikas Kamat
Karkala (a.k.a. Karkal) is a town in Udupi district, Karnataka, India and is located about
thirty miles from the
town of Udupi. According to 1973 census,
the population of Karkal was 18,593.
Every twelve years (the next one will be held in 2014), thousands of Jain devotees come to Karkala to perform the Mahamastakabhisheka, a ceremony where the statue is then bathed and anointed with libations such as milk, water, and saffron paste.
Karkala is known as Pandyanagari or city of Pandya because, two chiefs of Bhairarasa family who ruled in this region from early 14th century, had the name of Veerapandya. The Bhairarasa hailed from Humcha in Shimoga district. As was the general practice, these rulers equally patronized all religions, though they were them selves devout Jains. They welcomed the Goud-Saraswats fleeing from Portuguese persecution and built the large temple of Venkataramana in about 1537 CE.,.
Karkal has two more noteworthy Jaina monuments. The Chaturmukha Basadi has four identical looking entrances from the four quarters and hence the (chatur = four; mukha = face or door). It has life size statues of three Teerthankaras, besides small small images of all the
24 teerthankaras and Padmavati Yakshi.
|Kamat's Potpourri Geographica Indica Town of Karkala|
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